Date 23/05/2017

History


mculture

 

Culture is the vital factor that has positive bearings on the promotion of people's quality of life. For the country to achieve sustainable growth and prosperity, it is Important that social and cultural development is administered in tandem with economic and technology. Because of the essential role of culture to the country, the government in 2002 re-established the "Ministry of Culture" with mandates on religions, arts and cultural management for development of the country. During the past decade, the Ministry of Culture has continuously developed the potential of its personnel and management systems to enhance its efficacy.

 
 
Historical Development of Cultural Organization from the past to the present time may be summarized as follows:
 
1938 : Establishment of the Division of Culture under the Department of Fine Arts
1940 : Promulgation of the Act on the Nourishment of the National Culture, B.E. 2483
1942 : Promulgation of the Act on the Nourishment of the National Culture (No.2), B.E. 2485
1943 : Promulgation of the National Culture Act (No.2), B.E. 2486
1952 : The Ministry of Culture was established, comprising

- Office of the Secretary to the Minister

- Office of the Permanent Secretary

- Department of Cultural Affairs

- Department of Religious Affairs

- Department of Fine Arts

1958 : The Act Amending the Ministry, the Bureau, and the Department was legislated, transferring Department of Fine Arts to the Ministry of Education. "The Ministry of Culture and the National Cultural Council" were restructured as a "Division of Culture" under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education.
1972 : The Division of Culture was transferred and placed under the Department of Religious Affairs, Ministry of Education.
1979 : Promulgation of the Office of the National Culture Commission Act, B.E. 2522 [AD. 1979]
2002 : Re-establishment of the Ministry of Culture pursuant to the Act Amending the Ministry, the Bureau, and the Department, B.E. 2545 [AD. 2002]. The main responsibilities of the Ministry concern with religions, arts and cultural affairs. The Ministry of Culture consists of the Office of the Minister, the Office of the Permanent Secretary, the Department of Religious Affairs, the Department of Fine Arts, the Office of the National Culture Commission, the Office of Contemporary Art and Culture, and Provincial Cultural Offices under the responsibility of the Office of the Permanent Secretary. The Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center (Public Organization), founded on November 15, 2000 is also run by the Ministry of Culture.
2007 : Bunditpatanasilpa Institute was transferred from the Department of Fine Arts, and placed directly under the Ministry of Culture.
2009 : Establishment of the Film Archive (Public Organization)
2010 : Transforming the Office of the National Culture Commission into the Department of Cultural Promotion pursuant to the Ministerial Reform Act B.E. 2553 [AD. 2010]
2011 : Founding of the Moral Promotion Center (Public Organization) on 2011, officially created by the Royal Decree enacted on June 10, 2011.
 

The Ministry of Culture at the present time consists of ten agencies, seven are offices and three others are organizations. The former are the Office of the Minister, the Office of the Permanent Secretary, the Department of Fine Arts, the Department of Religious Affairs, the Department of Cultural Promotion, Bunditpatanasilpa Institute, and the Office of Contemporary Art and Culture. The later are three public organizations, namely the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center (Public Organization), the Film Archive (Public Organization), and the Moral Promotion Center (Public Organization). The focal administrative system of the Ministry of Culture has been developed to enhance the potential of its personnel to satisfy the cultural demand of the public. The Ministry of Culture puts emphases on the expansion of cultural networks to encourage the public members to realize the value and significance of culture. By these means further cooperation and consolidation regarding preservation of the Thai cultural heritage and cultural development can be expected.


Achievements and Development of the Ministry of Culture in One Decade

Upholding the Monarchy
 
The Ministry of Culture organizes a large number of wide-ranging programs to mark important days of the monarchy -some as annual events others as observation of special days. Among this nation wide programs are:

- Celebration of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Birthday, which comes on 5 December
- Celebration of H.M. Queen Sirikit's Birthday, which comes on 12 August
- Celebration of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn's Sixtieth Birthday which comes on 28 July B.E.2555
- Celebration of the 200th Birthday Anniversary of H.M. King Mongkut (King Rama IV) recognized as Father of Science in Thailand
- Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the Birth of Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira, the Queen Grandmother of Thailand on 10 September B.E. 2555
- Observation of the Centenary of the Demise of King Chulalongkorn (King Rama V) on 23 October B.E.2553
- Royal Cremation Ceremony of Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana on 15 September B.E. 2551

Nurturing Religions

The Ministry of Culture has launched programs to safeguard and strengthen Buddhism and other religions in order to encourage Thai people to apply religious principles to daily lives. Some of these programs are:

- Celebration of Buddha Jayanti -Celebration of the 2600 years of the Buddha's Enlightenment
- Project to promote initiators and performers of religious rites, local traditions and customs
- Promotion of Buddhist religious rites and activities
- Promotion of Hajj activities
 
Promotion of Arts and Culture

Throughout the last decade, the Ministry of Culture has implemented a large number of projects with the aim of revitalizing public interest in arts and culture. Some of these projects aim at preserving and revitalizing interest in arts, archaeological sites and monument registration. They are:

- Survey of archaeological site of Chiang Saen
- Survey of archaeological site in Songkhla
- Survey of archaeological site in Phang Nga
- Landscaping of Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat in Si Satchanalai Historical Park, Sukhothai province - Construction of sculpture and monuments of important historical figures
- Campaign to promote the wearing of Thai clothes and the use of local fabric
- Project to preserve old Thai films
- Project to protect Thai cultural heritage, i.e. performing arts, Thai handicraft, Thai games and sports, Thai languages
 
Building Thai Values, Thai Awareness and Thai Local Wisdom

The globalization of modernization, together with the rapid influx of information and communications technology exerts considerable impacts on members of air social strata, especially children and youth who tend to shun Thai culture and good values. Being aware of this state of affairs, the Ministry of Culture determines to cultivate good values, moral principles, and ethics in our society. Some of the projects to support Thai values, Thai awareness and Thai local wisdom are:

- Project of volunteers to protect Thai cultural heritage
- Project of strengthening Thai traditions and culture
- Project of promoting artists and contemporary arts
- Project of promoting cultural exchanges and art market,
- Project of cultural training of the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center (Public Organization)
- Project of local museums for youths
 
 
Turning Cultural Capital into Social Values and Value-added economy

The Ministry of Culture has developed a policy to promote arts and culture as a means to strengthen communities and social values and to apply the country's cultural capital to create economic values. Some of the projects are:

- The development of tourist route in Phetchaburi and historic route from Hariphunchai to Lanna
- Sukhothai Historical Park Development Project
- Preservation and Development of Lanna Civilization into one of the World Heritage Sites
- Preservation and Restoration Project of Ayutthaya World Heritage Site
- The Development of commercial products and cultural tourism
- The Thai films promotion
- The Introduction of Muay Thai to the world "Thai Fight Thai Culture"
- The ASEAN Music for the Queen
- The "Art for All">>> ASEAN" Camp
 
 
Management of Knowledge on Religions, Arts and Culture

Information regarding religions, arts and culture has been collected, examined and analyzed to create a body of knowledge for future activities such as training, and publications, audio-visual aids and online distribution. The focal intellectual bank covering all aspects of culture, which will enable public members to access the information with greater ease is formed. The knowledge bank, which provides an efficient way of preserving and maintaining valuable knowledge in Thai society proves very beneficial for communities. Public members can readily retrieve important information on Thai arts and culture needed for works on cultural surveillance as a secure protective scheme of the society. The websites of the Ministry of Culture are:

 
Directions of the Ministry of Culture in the Next Decade
In order to proceed with its operation in the next decade, the Ministry of Culture has planned the following strategies based on the government policy on culture (Item 4.4) in the Master Plan on National Culture (2007-2016) and the Cabinet Resolution:
 
2012 : Year of the Promotion of Morals, Ethics, and Desirable Values
2013 : Year of Creative Economic Development with the Application of Cultural Capital to Enhance Economic and Social Values
2014 : Year of Social and Cultural Preparation to Promote and Support the ASEAN Community
2015 : Year of Identity and Cultural Diversity Promotion
2016 : Year of Social and Cultural Immunity Promotion and Information Technology Literacy




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