Date 01/09/2015


Translated by Mr. Pakaracht Chumwarachatand Dr. Stephen Conlon
At one of the United Nations conferences held at Vienna, Austria, in 1982, the meaning of the phrase
"Aged Person” was defined as follows :
"Any person, male or female, who is 60 years of age or older, is an Aged Person.”
Policy Initiatives

In the year 1953, the Royal Thai Government under Field Marshal P.Philbul Songkram, the then Prime Minister,instructed the Department of Public Welfare to implement the State Policy of fostering the welfare of Aged Persons in the country by setting up homes for the aged to provide housing, care and attention needed

by these senior citizens. The frame work of the policy was as follows :
  1. To assist indigent Aged Persons who cannot help themselves or who are facing hardships, or who are lacking any support, or who are classified as destitute.
  2. To assist Aged Persons who still live with their families but who need some services such as medical care, recreation and entertainment.
  3. To share responsibility with lower income families or those under the poverty level who cannot look after Aged Persons adequately.
  4. To prevent delinquency and wayward behaviour of Aged Persons so as not to cause a nuisance to the public, and to help them to participate in social activities as often as possible.
  5. To reward Aged Persons who have performed important tasks that were beneficial to their country or society.
  6. To provide relief to Aged Persons who have no income or other means of support.
    So far, the Department of Public Welfare has fulfilled some of its responsibilities by providing homes for the aged persons and medical facilities, etc.

In the year 1982, the World Health Organisation set that year for a worlds-wide campaign to improve health and to take better care of all Aged Persons :

  1. To apply humanitarian principles in the treatment of Aged Persons. 
  2. The economic development of the country and welfare of Aged Persons must proceed in tandem. 
  3. The upgrading of the educational system to ensure security of livelihood of Aged Persons.

In addition, the World Health Organisation set that year for a world-wide campaign to improve health and to take better care of all Aged Persons.

The World Health Organisation ran a campaign to "Add years to the lives of senior citizens” so that every country will co-operate in upgrading the living conditions of Aged Persons.

The World Health Organisation and the Ministry of Public Health of Thailand approved a slogan which ran: "Provide love and health care and Aged person will live longer.”

Convinced of the importance of Aged Persons, the Thai Government appointed a national committee to deal with all the related problems. The committee was comprised of representatives from government and non-government organisations. The Minister of the Interior and the Director General of Public Welfare Department were chosen as the Chairman and General Secretary of the Committee. The National Committee appointed sub-committees to handle various activities:

  1. Research and Planning Sub-Committee.
  2. Co-ordination and Supervision Sub-Committee.
  3. Welfare Sub-Committee.
  4. Educational and Cultural Activities Sub-Committee.
  5. International Relation Sub-Committee.
  6. Public Relations Sub-Committee.
  7. Fund Raising Sub-Committee.

On the 14th of December 1982, the Thai Cabinet chose the 13th of April as National Aged Persons Day. A committee for organising the Aged Persons’ Day ceremony was appointed under the Permanent Secretary of the Interior Ministry. All activities connected with Aged Persons such as welfare and medical care, etc., have been carried out according to the national programs.

The Research and Planning Committee which is under the chairmanship of the Director General of the Medical Care Department has proposed the following measures:

  1. Extension of health Care Services.
  2. Provision of Educational Services.
  3. Organising Social and Cultural Services.
  4. Ensuring Security of Livelihood.
  5. Social Welfare Services.
The Proposal For Cultural Activities and other Arrangements For National Aged Persons Day Aspects to be emphasised
  1. The responsibilities of children towards their aged parents
    1. Respect, esteem and obey the parents.
    2. Look after and take good care of the parents.
    3. Provide support for both physical and mental welfare.
    4. Provide good medical care and be ready to take them to see the doctor.
  2. The attitude of Aged Persons towards their children
    1. Adopt proper behaviour so that they will be deserving of the respect and esteem of their children and other members of the family. They should possess the following moral qualities:
      1. Love and care to make children happy.
      2. Be kind and help children when they are in any difficulties.
      3. When children have done well express pleasure and delight.
      4. Be neutral and just to children.
    2. Teach and train children to love all members of the family. Teach them to obey their parents and their superiors by adducing proper reasons. Tell them to behave properly, to have good etiquette and to practise the principles of Buddhism.
    3. Make donations and other contributions to charity and other good causes.
    4. Do not interfere unnecessarily in the private lives of children or the other members of the family.
  3. The role of Aged Persons to upgrade their living conditions
    1. They should eat nutritious food and maintain a proper weight.
    2. They should have enough sleep.
    3. They should form certain habits for their own health.
    4. They should have a calm mind and should not be frustrated or excited by any problem.
    5. They must protect themselves from any illness which might be caused by old age and or other organic deficiency, so they can live long and happy lives.
  4. Recommendation for organising activities for benefit of Aged Persons
    1. To organise seminars or meetings on a regular basis. To discuss and explain the children’s duties towards aged parents.
      • The aged parents’ attitudes towards their children.
      • The Aged Persons’ roles to upgrade their own welfare.
    2. To launch public relations campaigns to achieve the objectives outlined in.
    3. To hold regular exhibitions to emphasise the goals mentioned in 4.1.
    4. To hold demonstrations and training sessions for children to inculcate their responsibilities towards aged parents.
    5. To organise demonstrations of ways by which children can help aged parents.
    6. To organise activities in which youngsters can participate for the benefit of their grandparents.
    7. To organise competitions and other events with a view to:
      • Select Aged Persons of exemplary behaviour.
      • Select Aged Persons with a record of having raised model families or with record of good service to society and the nation.
      • Select the Aged Persons who have taken best care of their own health.
    8. Pay respects and show esteem to aged persons who have supported their own families, society and the nation very well.
    9. To pour holy water on the hands of Aged Persons while asking for good luck from them and to present them with gifts on special occasions like New Year’s Day.
    10. To organise other appropriate activities for Aged Persons.


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