Date 02/09/2015

The National Mothers Day


Translated by

Ms. Uraiphan Nawiprasert and Dr. Suthira Duangsamosorn

According to the Dictionary of the Royal Institute edition 1982, "Mother” is a woman who bears children; the word used by a child to call the woman who gives him birth.

In terms of Buddhism, the definitions of ‘Mother’ are as follows :
  1. a woman who bears children, an important person like ‘Mae Thap’(Commander in Chief) or generally a person who holds responsibility; especially in certain places like the house.
  2. ‘Chonnanee’ or a female parent of children.
  3. a woman to whom a man is married or the one who takes care of family members.
History of the National Mother’s Day

The National Mother’s Day falls on August 12, which is generally observed as Her Majesty Queen Sirikit’s Birthday. Previously, April 15 was regarded as National Mother’s Day according to the consensus of the Cabinet’s directive issued on February 23, 1950. Consequently, the first celebration of Mother’s Day was observed on April 15, 1950, by the Office of the National Culture Commission. This celebration, which was a great success, included religious rituals, selection of ‘Devoted Mother’s and motto competitions, etc. In order to pay homage to ‘Mothers’ and to make Mother’s Day important, Field Marshal P. Phibulsongkram declared Mother’s Day as ‘National Mother’s Day.’


In 1976, National Mother’s Day was officially changed to August 12, the day of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit’s Birthday. According to the book, " The Royal Mother of All Thai Citizens” published on July 6, 1977 by the Ministry of Education , the celebration in the Queen’s honour is:

A good mother realises the importance of National Culture since she knows that the essence of ‘Thai’ cannot exist without Thai culture. A good mother is also a good citizen in democratic ideals, in which the King is the Ruler of the country. Every Thai woman possesses, the above characteristics more or less. However, it is not easy to find a woman who possesses the above characteristics in the way Her Majesty Queen Sirikit does. Her Majesty Queen Sirikit is therefore considered the Royal Mother of all Thai citizens.

For Thai people, "motherhood” denotes loving, impressive and timeless relationships between a mother and her children. In a literary work by Prawarawethphisith, the relationship between a mother and her children is mentioned as follows:


Children in villages in the old days liked to play in groups. If the mother of any child in the group was at home, that child would play with his friends happily with a smiling face. However, the child whose mother was not at home would be quiet and unhappy. Then he could not play with his friends happily. When the friends saw the quiet child’s mother approaching, they would say, "whose mother’s coming? Who’s crying? ” That was because the quiet child would come out of the group and run towards his mother with joyful tears in his eyes. This shows the true and infinite love between a mother and a child. A child cannot be happy without a mother.


August 12, National Mother’s Day, is regarded as one of the most important and memorable days for the Thai people. ‘A white jasmine’ is considered the emblem of kindness and love of a mother. This is because its white colour represents the essence of purity which implies that a mother’s love for her children is pure. Furthermore, the scent of jasmine symbolises the true love of a mother which is infinite and unchangeable.



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